Thursday, October 17, 2013

Chianti Classico DOCG

Chianti Classico, that is the oldest zone of origin of this famous wine, covers the territory of nine municipalities between Florence and Siena. Under the Gallo Nero symbol production is regulated by a code that seats down sever criteria right from the vine-growing stage: planting density of at least 3.350
Chianti Classico DOCG 
stocks per 2.5 acres and yields not exceeding 16,500 lbs, meaning a maximum of 5 lbs of grapes per plant. The wine is made from Sangiovese grapes (80 to 100 %) and possibly Canaiolo Nero (max 10%), Trebbiano Toscano, and /or Malvasia del Chianti (max 6%), and/or other grapes recommended for the zone of reference, from traditional Colorino to more recently introduced Merlot or Cabernet (max 15%).
Wine characteristics are: bright ruby color tending to garnet with aging; vinous aroma, with a scent of sweet violet, and pronounced finesse in the aging stage; harmonious, dry, flavorful, slightly tannic taste, which refines with time to velvety soft; minimum alcohol: 12 %. Chianti Classico is put on the market starting October 1st of the first year after harvest. There is a Riserva qualification for the wine that reaches 12.5% of alcohol content after a compulsory aging period of two years in barrels and at least three months in bottle. When young, Chianti Classico goes well with grilled red meats; mature, it is excellent with game and the most robust dishes.

Chardonnay Grape

The Chardonnay grape is undoubtedly one of the most common varieties in the world. It's native of France, and more precisely from the homonymous village of Burgundy from which vine takes its name,
Chardonnay grape
in the nineteenth century, it quickly spread to many other countries,even far away.
It has long been cultivated throughout Europe and even in South Africa, South America, California, and Australia. At the time of his debut on the international market, the "Peronospera" massive mildew, small, invisible but voracious spider mite, destroyed acres and acres of vineyards.
So everyone was looking for a variety resistant to illnesses caused by fungi, molds and various creatures, able to stand firm in the face of bad weather, and also adaptable to different soils. Besides the regular production and abundant harvest made quite early, far in advance on the first chills of autumn.
Chardonnay, overall, apart from a certain impatience to spring frosts, seemed to concentrate all these features.
In Italy Chardonnay is present in virtually every region and produces wines of good quality overall. This is also a clear example of the great adaptability to soils of varying composition and environmental conditions.
The Grapes has a good acidity and produces wines with high alcohol content is used for different types of wine: still, sparkling and sparkling wine.
In short, the Chardonnay grape is a very generous and prolific and so appreciated all over the world.